Sukhova Olga Aleksandrovna, Doctor of historical sciences, professor, deputy head of sub-department of Russian history, local history and history teaching technique, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia), email@example.com
Background. By virtue of the emergence of new challenges and threats to the national security the address to the study of the historical experience of the Russian nation stands today as a prerequisite of social and political stability, and it is one of the main priorities of the state national policy. The aim is to study the content, methods and tools of the national policy of the Soviet state during 1920s, to identify the transformation factors and the characteristic features of the course.
Materials and methods. Realization of research tasks was achieved through the use of documents extracted from the funds of the State Archive of Penza region, as well as through the analysis of historiographical sources on the issue. The methodological potential included basic principles of scientific knowledge – historicism and objectivity, hermeneutics as a method of interpreting a text, micro-historical
approaches and methods of local history. The method of interdisciplinary synthesis, in particular, the concept of social constructionist theory and construction of social reality was used.
Results. The dynamics of the national identity transformation under the influence of serial efforts by the government by the example of the Penza province was investigated. The author identified the specificity of scientific interpretations of the national policy in USSR during the 1920s, proved the efficiency of application of the theory of social construction of reality to address the research problems, reviewed the main directions and results of nation-building in Soviet Russia and the Soviet Union.
Conclusions. After studying the historiography of the problem, the author has identified the need to address to the local history, the use of materials of the regional archives. In the Russian province the course on the ethnic townships formation, on the indigenization management was implemented successively throughout 1920s. The situation can be as well explained by the pragmatism of the local authorities in development of concrete tools and instruments for designing a model of social and political interaction.
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